Important Treatment Options For Multiple Sclerosis Patients
Multiple sclerosis has affected close to 2.3 million people throughout the world. Multiple sclerosis is a neurological disease that affects the brain, the spine, and the eyes. It creates a scenario where your immune system attacks the protective coating around your nerves known as myelin. This results in nerve damage, inflammation and scar tissue. Trouble walking, bladder or bowel control issues, depression, muscle spasms, weakness and tremors, vision problems, pain and cognition problems are just some of the main symptoms of this disease. The main cause of multiple sclerosis remains unknown, but it has been attributed to infections, lifestyle choices like smoking, and genetics. There is no known cure for multiple sclerosis just like its cause. There are however some drugs that can stall the development of the disease and help with the symptoms. You can check this website to learn more about the life-changing drugs that multiple sclerosis patients depend on.
Interferon beta drugs are part of a general class of medicines that emulate the naturally occurring proteins in our bodies that act as a defense system against infections. These drugs are easily found on the market and come under different brand names. They have been used to treat multiple sclerosis for quite a long time and are still commonly prescribed presently. Why and how they help treat multiple sclerosis remains unknown though it is believed that they send a message to the body to reduce the immune reactions that lead to the attacks on the myelin in a patient’s body. They are self-injected, and the particular drug you are using determines how many injections you get.
Glatiramer acetate is a drug the fall under immunomodulator medications which means that it directly targets the T-cells which are the immune cells that attack the myelin in a patient’s body Glatiramer acetate can protect you myelin from further damage through this interaction proactively. Depending on the dose, glatiramer acetate is injected into the system either daily or two to three times a week depending on the dose and the drug. This drug leaves some people more vulnerable to infections since it tampers with the immune system hence it is necessary that they take care during a flu outbreak and maintain high levels of hygiene.
Corticosteroids are different from the other medicines mainly because it does not compare to them in terms of functionality. Most multiple sclerosis medications only try to control and get rid of the symptoms. Since multiple sclerosis leads to extensive inflammation which may cause pain, relapses and other symptoms. They are usually provided to a customer for a shorter time to reduce inflammation and reduce the symptoms during multiple sclerosis relapses.